Wednesday, October 24, 2012

21 Countries Have Smaller Gender Gap Than US

New Report Ranks United States Surprisingly Low When It Comes To Gender Equality

The Global Gender Gap Index 2012

RICARDO HAUSMANN, Harvard University
LAURA D. TYSON, University of California, Berkeley
YASMINA BEKHOUCHE, World Economic Forum
SAADIA ZAHIDI, World Economic Forum

The Global Gender Gap Index, introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006, is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education and health criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time. The rankings are designed to create greater
awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.

The first part of Part 1 reviews the underlying concepts employed in creating the Global Gender Gap Index and outlines the methods used to calculate it. The second part presents the 2012 rankings, global patterns and regional performances and calls attention to notable
country cases. Next, we provide an overview of the links between gender gaps and the economic performance of countries. In the fourth part, we include information on the trends revealed by the Index in the six years that we have been producing it.

The Country Profiles contained in Part 2 of this Report give a more detailed picture of the relative strengths and weaknesses of each country’s performance compared with that of other nations. The first page of each profile contains detailed information on the country’s performance in 2012. The second page shows the trends between 2006 and 2012 on the overall Index and four Subindexes, as well as over 30 gender-related variables that reflect some of the legal and social factors that affect gender disparity in each country.

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