Saturday, August 25, 2012

Radioactive Seawater Cross the Pacific from Fukushima

Fukushima: West Coast cesium slam ahead, hair falling out, Tepco data flaw

Human rights violations escalate imidFukushima catastrophe
As hair falls out of a Fukushima victim's head, a new German study reports that North America’s West Coast will be the area most contaminated by Fukushima cesium of all regions in Pacific in 10 years, an "order-of-magnitude higher” than waters off Japan,according to a new German study followed by a former New York Times journalist going inside the no-entry zone and reportingradiation levels over 10 times higher than Tepco’s data.
"After most citizens evacuated, I evacuated, too," testified Mr. Idogawa, Mayor of Futaba Town where Fukushima Daiichi is located. "I didn’t know still some people remained in the town.
"One of them told me, 'My hair fell off,' with tears in her eyes. I’m so sorry for them still," Idogawa stated about the Fukushima nuclear human rights violations continuing in Japan, as published by Ato Munch.
Hair falling out is one of the most common of the eight signs of radiation poisoning.
"When debris fell from the sky, I thought it might be the end," Idogawa continued.
"My heart is full of anger."
(Watch the compelling "Futaba Mayor's testimony of Fukushima" on the YouTube video embedded on the left of this page.)
New study indicates severe West Coast impact
"After 10 years, the concentrations become nearly homogeneous over the whole Pacific, with higher values in the east, extending along the North American coast with a maximum (~1 × 10−4) off Baja California," a new research report states.
Coinciding with the release of the new Gwerman report, Takashi Uesugi, a former New York Timesreporter, went inside the no-entry zone and reports radiation levels over 10 times higher than Tepco’s data.
The new research report, Model simulations on the long-term dispersal of 137Cs released into the Pacific Ocean off Fukushima, states:
In the following years, the tracer cloud continuously expands laterally, with maximum concentrations in its central part heading east. While the northern portion is gradually invading the Bering Sea, the main tracer patch reaches the coastal waters of North America after 5–6 years, with maximum relative concentrations ( > 1 × 10−4) covering a broad swath of the eastern North Pacific between Vancouver Island and Baja California. Simultaneously some fraction of the southern rim of the tracer cloud becomes entrained in the North Equatorial Current (NEC), resulting in a westward extending wedge around 20°N that skirts the northern shores of the Hawaiian Archipelago. After 10 years the concentrations become nearly homogeneous over the whole Pacific, with higher values in the east, extending along the North American coast with a maximum (~1 × 10−4) off Baja California. The southern portion of the tracer cloud is carried westward by the NEC across the subtropical Pacific, leading to increasing concentrations in the Kuroshio regime again.
The research report, authored by Erik Behrens, Franziska U Schwarzkopf, Joke F Lübbecke and Claus W Böning that was published in Environmental Research Letters, also states:
"With caution given to the various idealizations (unknown actual oceanic state during release, unknown release area, no biological effects included, see section 3.4), the following conclusions may be drawn. (i) Dilution due to swift horizontal and vertical dispersion in the vicinity of the energetic Kuroshio regime leads to a rapid decrease of radioactivity levels during the first 2 years, with a decline of near-surface peak concentrations to values around 10 Bq m−3 (based on a total input of 10 PBq). The strong lateral dispersion, related to the vigorous eddy fields in the mid-latitude western Pacific, appears significantly under-estimated in the non-eddying (0.5°) model version. (ii) The subsequent pace of dilution is strongly reduced, owing to the eastward advection of the main tracer cloud towards the much less energetic areas of the central and eastern North Pacific. (iii) The magnitude of additional peak radioactivity should drop to values comparable to the pre-Fukushima levels after 6–9 years (i.e. total peak concentrations would then have declined below twice pre-Fukushima levels). (iv) By then the tracer cloud will span almost the entire North Pacific, with peak concentrations off the North American coast an order-of-magnitude higher than in the western Pacific."
The model integrations were performed at North-German Supercomputing Alliance (HLRN) and the Kiel University computing center.
While radioactive air has already reached the United States, radioactive water from Fukushima's nuclear reactors could reach the US West Coast in the next five to six years, doubling radioactivity of US coastal waters, according to simulations carried out by the German oceanographers. Their study report also states:
"Tentatively assuming a value of 10 petabecquerel (PBq) for the net 137Caesium (Cs) input during the first weeks after the Fukushima incident, the simulation suggests a rapid dilution of peak radioactivity values to about 10 Bq/m³ during the first 2 years, followed by a gradual decline to 1–2 Bq/m³ over the next 4–7 years. The total peak radioactivity levels would then be about twice the pre-Fukushima values.
“We were of course not surprised that there is a mixing effect, but we were surprised at how quickly the tracer spread,” Claus Böning, co-author of the German study, toldenvironmentalresearchweb.
ENEWS urges readers, "Watch: Former NYTimes journalist goes inside no-entry zone, reports radiation levels over 10 times higher than Tepco’s data (VIDEO)."
The unprecedented nuclear catastrophe at Fukushima has been shown in a recently released official report to have been man-made.

380 Times Safety Limit: Previous High "Only"
18.1 Times
Published by NHKReloaded
August 22, 2012 

NHK World News ---- The operator of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant says it has detected radiation 380 times the government safety limit in a fish caught off Fukushima Prefecture.

Tokyo Electric Power Company is measuring radiation exposure in fish and shellfish caught within 20 kilometers of the troubled plant from March this year.

The company caught 20 kinds of fish and shellfish at 5 locations from mid-July to early August.

The utility says it detected 38,000 becquerels per kilogram of radioactive cesium in a rock trout caught about 1 kilometer off Minamisoma City on August 1st.

The level is 380 times the government safety limit, and the highest so far in the firm's surveys in the area. The previous high was 18.8 times.

The operator also says it found radioactive cesium exceeding the safety limit in 9 kinds of fish and shellfish.

In June, fishing more than 50 kilometers northeast of the plant resumed on a trial basis for 2 kinds of octopus and one kind of shellfish. But fishing has not resumed for rock trout and other fish in which radiation was detected in the latest surveys.

Tokyo Electric says it will survey the same area from next week until the end of September to study rock trout, their prey such as shrimps, and mud from the seabed.
Aug. 21, 2012 - Updated 11:51 UTC (20:51 JST)

Tepco Finds Extreme Levels Of Radioactivity In Fukushima Fish

The utility detected a combined 25,800 becquerels per kilogram of cesium 134 and cesium 137 in a greenling caught on Aug. 1, it said yesterday in a statement. That beat the previous high of 18,700 becquerels per kilogram found in cherry salmon and is 258 times the level of cesiumJapan’s government considers safe for consumption, Kyodo News reported.
The government banned shipments of fish from waters off Fukushima since May last year, with the exception of two types of octopus and one type of shellfish that have shown to be within cesium safety levels, said Noriyuki Mizobe, a group manager in the resources and environment research division of Japan’s Fisheries Agency.
Neighboring Ibaraki and Miyagi prefectures have introduced voluntary restrictions on certain fish shipments and radiation testing of catches. Other prefectures, including all bordering the Pacific coast, are testing fish catches for radiation, he said.
The Fukushima Dai-Ichi plant released massive amounts of radioactive substances into the air and the ocean after the March 11 quake and tsunami last year caused reactor meltdowns. Fishing and farming industries in the region north of Tokyo have been devastated as consumers shun produce from the areas because of radiation contamination fears.
To contact the reporter on this story: Tsuyoshi Inajima in Tokyo at
To contact the editors responsible for this story: Peter Langan at; Jason Rogers at

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